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51. Intelligent Design Theory of
51. Intelligent Design Theory of
The hydrogen atom is the first stable PeP combination with one electron outside, trying to get in to satisfy the two positive charges of the two protons. That electron cannot get between the two protons because the electron already between the two protons repels the electron on the outside. So the outer electron must remain outside, always trying to get between the two protons, but always repelled by the center electron. This first atomic combination is the H2 atom.
H is not an atom. H is an unstable proton and electron (what scientists call a neutron) that flies apart in an average of 932 seconds. H is a neutron and soon flies apart. So there is no such atom as H. The first atom is really H2.
Now here is why I believe that protons are larger than electrons and deform: A PeP is stable when it has its two electrons. But there is a huge exterior side to the proton. This exterior has no attraction to other electrons. So a proton either has a charge only on one side, or something must happen that shifts the charge to one side of the proton, leaving the rest of the proton to act as a charge insulator, just as the protons in many different molecules act as electrical insulators. And this, by the way, explains insulators.
The reason I think the outer electron does not orbit is that hydrogen is non-magnetic. If the outer hydrogen electron orbited around the PeP nucleus, we would detect a magnetic field. Since all free electrons affect all other free electrons, a tank of hydrogen gas would be highly magnetic, because all the electrons would be spinning in unison. Conclusion: The free electrons in H2 do not orbit the "nucleus".
Perhaps the electron does not orbit because the electron causes a distortion of the proton. The free electron vibrates in its locked position according to its temperature. The higher the temperature, the farther the outer electron vibrates from the PeP. The farther the outer electron vibrates, the more the gas atom or molecule repels its neighboring atoms or molecules. This is why heating a tank of gas increases the pressure in the tank. The vibration causes other electrons in other atoms to vibrate, resulting in conductance, heat radiation and convection. At zero degrees absolute, the outer electron does not vibrate, but can freely flow from one atom to another, which is called superconductivity.
This hydrogen atom picture explains the proton, neutron and electron parts of a hydrogen atom as a new hydrogen atom model that we must call H2 because a neutron is called H by the scientific community. H2 is the basic building block for pictures and atom model designs of the helium atom, lithium atom, beryllium atom, boron atom, carbon atom and all other atoms having completely different structures than previously conceived atom models. As shown in the atom model parts, two protons must be locked together by a single electron between them to form a new concept of a neutron based on sound electron-proton nuclear physics. This leaves an extra positive charge that is satisfied by an electron that is always trying to get between the two protons, but is repelled by the electron captured between the two protons. This outer electron vibrates and is the cause of all heat, sound, light, magnetism, electromagnetic waves and chemical reactions. This combination comprises the atomic structure of the first atom, H2 hydrogen. It is the basic building block of all the other atoms. Intelligent Design Theory uses the true nature of atomic particles to develop a new concept of the neutron as comprised of two protons and one electron. The hydrogen atom is weakly paramagnetic, meaning that the outer electron does not orbit the atom, but will orbit a little bit with effort when immersed in a magnetic field.
Gravity and Antigravity
In the beginning, the Intelligent Design of gravity was extremely important to hold the universe together. If there were no gravity there would be no galaxies, no stars, no planets and no life on earth. It is that electron on the outside of the proton-electron-proton (PeP) combination that causes gravity, attracting all the other protons in the universe! Of course the closer to that outer electron that other protons are, the stronger the gravitational attraction. If that outer electron was not repelled by the electron already between the two protons and could also get between the two protons, there would be no gravity! In fact there is no gravity between two electrons. Instead, there is antigravity because those two outer electrons on the two hydrogen atoms repel each other more than the protons in the hydrogen atom are attracted to the outer electrons! The higher the temperature, the more the electrons outside the PeP combination vibrate away from the PeP combination and repel other hydrogen atoms. Also, the less the pressure, the more the outer electrons vibrate away from the PeP combination and the more antigravity exists between hydrogen atoms at room temperature. Hydrogen in outer space is near absolute zero temperature, so these hydrogen atoms attract other hydrogen atoms in outer space, causing hydrogen in space to collect and form gaseous masses that then convert hydrogen into heavier atoms that have greater gravitational attractions. These same principles apply to all the other chemical elements. So it is obvious that Newton's Universal Law of Gravity is not universal at all, but depends on what chemical elements are nearby, and the temperature and pressure these elements are experiencing. Gravity even varies from one place on earth to another, with gravity considerably less at the Hudson Bay and Yellowstone National Park. See http://www.unews.utah.edu/old/p/112409-1.html and http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/earth/geophysics/missing-gravity.htm.
.Copyright (C) 2007, 2011, 2013 Robert Laing All rights reserved
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